Watermelon or Citrus the eriotic (Citrullus lanatus) is a fruit that comes from South Africa. The varieties consumed today can reach several kilograms in weight.
The watermelon is smooth on the outside with color in shades of green and sometimes with alternating dark and light green stripes. The main part of the watermelon inside is soft and red and contains large amounts of water.
Watermelon consists of 90% water, so the adequacy of water is crucial in the growth of the plant and the fruit. Most watermelon fields are irrigated by the drip method. This method is very effective for plants grown with plastic cover.
Black polyethylene coating can provide many benefits to watermelon cultivation, which are the reduction of costs for early weed control, the improvement of early growth and crop establishment, can also increase the action of nematodes, minimize of soluble elements during heavy rainfall and maintains a more uniform moisture level between irrigations.
Watermelon propagation can be achieved either by seed or by cuttings. Planting is usually done by hand in raised beds and is done when the soil is moist.
In Greece it ripens in summer and is one of the most refreshing summer fruits, ideal for consumption in slices or in fruit salads.